Quick Tips

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German Keyboard Layout in Xming

via Xming arguments

Add "-xkbmodel pc105 -xkblayout de" to the startup arguments in the Xming shortcut

in terminal

With "loadkeys de" you can set to german keyboard for the current session.

via dpkg

run "dpkg-reconfigure console-data" to run the setup.


pulsaudio tools

In the linux vm you have these pulsaudio tools:

  • paman - PulsAudio Manager
  • pavucontrol - PulseAudio Volume Control
  • pavumeter - PulseAudio Volume Meter
  • padevchooser - PulseAudio Device Chooser
  • paprefs - PulseAudio Preferences

more information: http://www.pulseaudio.org/wiki/AboutPulseAudio#RelatedSoftware


change date/timezone

run "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata" to change the timezone.


save disk space

If you use the NTFS online compression you can save many HDD memory, because the disk images contains many unused Bytes. Discuss in our Forum.


create a normal user

Use useradd -m username to create a new non-root user, with a homedir.

As the new user, optionally use the passwd command to add a password to the account. It may be useful to also add a password for the root account in the same way, as by default it doesn't have one.

change root to a normal user

Install sudo (if required)

sudo isn't installed on some andLinux installs. To be sure it's available, type:

> apt-get install sudo

change to default user

edit /usr/bin/X11/startwindowsterminalsession and replace 'root' with your new username. Add this user to /etc/sudoers, for example:

# User privilege specification
root    ALL=(ALL) ALL
rmallins ALL=(ALL) ALL

Change Launcher Port

windows

Non-root-users can't use ports <1024. The Launcher must use a port greater than 1024, e.g. 8081. To edit the windows registry to suit the new port number, first create a text file with the following content:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\andLinux\Launcher]
"IP"="192.168.11.150"
"Port"=dword:00001f91

then rename it to "Launcher.reg". Run this file to edit the registry. The Port number (shown in bold) is coded in HEX, and means 8081. Windows calculator used in scientific mode can convert between hex and decimal.

Look also at FAQ - Chaning the Launcher Port

linux vm

edit /usr/local/sbin/launcher.pl and change LocalPort. Reboot.

Permissions of windows disk

Normally the windows disk in is mounted as root, so a non root user is not allowed to write to the windows disk in /mnt/win.

Change cofuse permissions

The mount options for cofuse are not documented very well. Here's how to edit /etc/fstab to make a non-root user the owner of /mnt/win.

/etc/fstab:

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>               <dump>  <pass>
proc            /proc           proc    defaults                0       0
tmpfs           /dev/shm        tmpfs   defaults                0       0
none            /dev/pts        devpts  gid=5,mode=620          0       0
/dev/cobd0 / ext3 defaults 1 1
31 /mnt/and cofs defaults 0 0
/dev/cobd1 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/cofs0 /mnt/win cofs defaults 0 0
/dev/cofs0 /mnt/win cofs defaults,uid=1001,gid=100 0 0

The uid parameter in the last line is the important one and should be set to match the ID of the user needing write access to /mnt/win. By default the first user's id will be 1001, but to check use the "id" command:

> id <username>

for example

rmallins@andLinux:~$ id rmallins
uid=1001(rmallins) gid=1001(rmallins) groups=1001(rmallins)
rmallins@andLinux:~$ 

The mode option is not supported by the cofuse, so it is not possible to change the file permissions in general.

Alternative approach

In the event of difficulty changing permissions, and provided sudo has been set up, it's possible to simply prefix all commands which write to /mnt/win with "sudo" in order to use root privilege. In this way the default cofuse setup will still be sufficient, but normal operations can be performed with normal user privilege.

Alternative way of starting Linux programs

XFCE panel and andLinux Launcher are nice, but I want as less special objects on my Windows desktop as possible. I just need a terminal emulator, as I can start all programs from the shell. The andCmd.exe binary comes in handy here. I have created two Windows batch files (for a root and a normal user shell):

C:\Programme\andLinux\Launcher\andCmd.exe xterm -bg orange
C:\Programme\andLinux\Launcher\andCmd.exe sudo su - ah -c xterm

Of course the chosen terminal emulator (as well as the background color of the root shell ;-) ) is a matter of taste.

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