German Keyboard Layout in Xming
via Xming arguments
Add "-xkbmodel pc105 -xkblayout de" to the startup arguments in the Xming shortcut
With "loadkeys de" you can set to german keyboard for the current session.
run "dpkg-reconfigure console-data" to run the setup.
In the linux vm you have these pulsaudio tools:
- paman - PulsAudio Manager
- pavucontrol - PulseAudio Volume Control
- pavumeter - PulseAudio Volume Meter
- padevchooser - PulseAudio Device Chooser
- paprefs - PulseAudio Preferences
more information: http://www.pulseaudio.org/wiki/AboutPulseAudio#RelatedSoftware
run "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata" to change the timezone.
save disk space
If you use the NTFS online compression you can save many HDD memory, because the disk images contains many unused Bytes. Discuss in our Forum.
create a normal user
use useradd -m username to create a new non-root user, with a homedir.
change root to a normal user
Install sudo (if required)
sudo isn't installed on some andLinux installs. To be sure it's available, type:
> apt-get install sudo
change to default user
edit /usr/bin/X11/startwindowsterminalsession and replace 'root' with you used username. Add this user to /etc/sudoers.
Change Launcher Port
Non-root-users can't use ports <1024. The Launcher must use a port greater than 1024, e.g. 8081 You can use this .reg file to change the Launchers:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\andLinux\Launcher] "IP"="192.168.11.150" "Port"=dword:00001f91
The Port is coded in HEX. It means 8081. Look also FAQ - Chaning the Launcher Port
edit /usr/local/sbin/launcher.pl and change LocalPort. Reboot.
Permissions of windows disk
Normally the windows disk in is mounted as root, so a non root user is not allowed to write to the windows disk in /mnt/win.
The mount options for cofuse are not documented very well, flowing line change the owner of /mnt/win to a non root user.
# /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 none /dev/pts devpts gid=5,mode=620 0 0 /dev/cobd0 / ext3 defaults 1 1 31 /mnt/and cofs defaults 0 0 /dev/cobd1 none swap sw 0 0 /dev/cofs0 /mnt/win cofs defaults,uid=1001,gid=100 0 0
the parameter uid in the last line is the important one. Put here the UID of the User you have created. As default it should be the 1001 for the first user.
The mode option is not supported by the cofuse, so it is not possible to change the file permissions in general.
Alternative way of starting Linux programs
XFCE panel and andLinux Launcher are nice, but I want as less special objects on my Windows desktop as possible. I just need a terminal emulator, as I can start all programs from the shell. The andCmd.exe binary comes in handy here. I have created two Windows batch files (for a root and a normal user shell):
C:\Programme\andLinux\Launcher\andCmd.exe xterm -bg orange
C:\Programme\andLinux\Launcher\andCmd.exe sudo su - ah -c xterm
Of course the chosen terminal emulator (as well as the background color of the root shell ;-) ) is a matter of taste.